Such a wide range of ages allows us estimate the stability of each fraction in subarcticpermafrost conditions.
We have stated that carbon forms tetravalent bonds, and makes multiple bonds with a single atom.
In addition, we have mentioned the fact that carbon forms long chains of atoms and varieties of shapes. These are good questions, but not ones we will attempt to answer here.
In fact, an entire branch of chemistry is devoted to answering these theoretical questions, as well as to determining solutions to a host of other, more practical problems.
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon, its compounds, and their properties.